Characterization of variables associated with sports performance: interdisciplinarity in women's soccer in Colombia
Artículo de revista
Characterizing the variables associated with sports performance in women's soccer is necessary to favor the sports preparation of the player. This study aimed to evaluate the association between performance characteristics (morphofunctional) and characteristics (psychosocial and nutritional) in female soccer players in Bogota. The study included 81 players grouped by position, based on the analysis of morphological (somatotype), functional (endurance, speed, and strength), psychosocial (socioeconomic status, economic situation, educational level, subsidized health regime, family members), and nutritional (dietary habits, food, quantity and type of food and intolerances) variables. A total of 241 variables were analyzed, grouped into 21 groups of variables, of which eight groups were analyzed in depth and showed statistically significant differences. The study had a quantitative approach, correlational study type, and non-experimental crosssectional design with Bernoulli sampling. The statistical treatment was performed using the statistical program ® version 4.1.0 based on the principal component analysis method, multiple factor analysis, and RV coefficient. It can be evidenced that the profile induced by the position variable correlates with the profile induced by the group of RSA variables. The profile induced by the lower body strength variables correlates with the profile induced by the social variables. The lower body strength variables and the social and family characteristics reveal that players living above 2550 meters of altitude are characterized by having high values in variables such as net strength at 100, 150, and 200 m/s, left-right leg, and vertical peak strength. These are in the subsidized regime and are characterized by living in small families. In contrast, players living at an altitude of 2600 meters were characterized by reaching high levels in variables such as peak power (W/kg), jump height (cm), reactive force index (m/s), eccentric deceleration (N/s/kg), maximum peak velocity (m/s), average concentric force and average eccentric force, characterized by living in more prominent families. Thus, it can be determined that the context of female athletes significantly influences the muscle strength manifestation profile. Finally, the importance of interdisciplinarity in women's soccer is highlighted, seeking to understand that sports performance depends on the interaction of variables. Thus, interdisciplinary research opens a scenario of possibilities where the different variables that influence the sports performance of female soccer players and athletes can be understood under the interactions that occur in the competitive act. © 2023, Editura Universitatii din Pitesti. All rights reserved.