"Doña Juana y yo" una secuencia didáctica para el desarrollo de habilidades de pensamiento crítico en educación ambiental
Medina Ruiz, Deyanira | 2018
Learning to think is an unavoidable challenge for today's education because it requires the development of skills and abilities necessary in students which allow them to face the requirements of a society in constantly changing and evolving, Actually, people face different problems related to anthropic actions generated by man and that require intervention, is where environmental education plays an important role because it allows
young people to be motivated to propose alternative solutions, express their ideas and build their knowledge from situations of their own context.
This research approached the implementation of a teaching-learning sequence (SEA) "Doña Juana y Yo" using the 7 E model: hook, elicit, explore, explain, elaborate, extend and evaluate (Eisenkraft, 2003, cited by Ul Khalil Shaheen, Jumani, & Kayani, 2015). For the development of critical thinking skills such as problem solving and decision-making in 28 8th grade students of the Gran Yomasa public school in the city of Bogotá with ages between 14 and 16 years of age, the sequence was made taking The main problem is the
San Juana landfill, which is close to the institution. The intervention was carried out applying a three-phase (quasi-experimental) longitudinal design: pre-test - intervention (teaching of the SEA) - post-test, to assess the effectiveness of the sequence. By analyzing the results obtained, a greater number of students who argue and understand the activities were observed, there is a strengthening in communication skills, collaborative work, creativity and participation to solve and propose solutions to the situations that arise
in their context, which makes it possible to demonstrate the progress made in the development of students' critical thinking through the SEA and the situations that confronted them with their daily reality.