Revisión teórica sobre aporte nutricional y salud de la dieta vegana en deportistas
Gómez Saiz, Daniel Andrés | 2019
This bibliographic review will review the main research available on the nutritional and health contribution of a vegan diet in athletes, which is a diet in which all foods of animal origin and their derivatives are excluded. Objective: To analyze the main studies on the nutritional and health contribution of the vegan diet in athletes. Methodology: The type of study is descriptive because this literature review will analyze studies concerning vegan diet and sports. The approach is mixed because it has qualitative and quantitative characteristics. Results: There is a lower incidence in the appearance of some types of cancer, such as stomach and colon cancer, among others, a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes, there is also a lower risk of suffering from cardiovascular conditions, and dyslipidemias. The vegan diet does not represent any disadvantage is suitable for athletes. To maximize yield, recovery, resistance and disease resistance, a higher intake of beans, vegetables, seeds, nuts, whole grains and other colorful vegetable products is recommended. Conclusions: The vegan diet is suitable for all stages of life, including childhood and pregnancy. A consideration of some studies analyzed is that it should be borne in mind that vitamin B12 can be found in deficiency in some cases, and therefore it is necessary to supplement it. According to the bibliography consulted, an athlete who follows this regime is not at a disadvantage before an opponent who follows an omnivorous diet. More studies are needed on the comparison between the performance of omnivorous athletes and vegan athletes.