Determinación de buenas prácticas de ordeño en un grupo de gestión empresarial de ganaderos del altiplano cundiboyacense
Calderón Rangel, Alfonso | 2008-01
For this study, an inquiry was applied to 20 milk producers, pertaining to an enterprise group of management from the Valleys of Ubaté and Chiquinquirá (Colombia), which included variables related to the prevention practice and the control of bovine mastitis with the aim of obtaining an excellent milk quality. For the analysis of all answers a descriptive statistic was used. The cattle management practices, applied by the cattlemen, presented different percentages regarding the implementation: 10% accomplished the blunting, 75% of the evaluated cattleman ordered properly the sequence of the milking routine, 90% practiced the washings or the predipping of the udders, a 70% segregated cows if a clinic mastitis case was detected; the sealing of the nipples took place in a 95% of the cases, also a correct cover of the sealant was presented. The identification of the treated cows with antibiotic was achieved in a 75% of the farms, the 90% of the cattlemen know the concept of milk inhibitors and the dry cow therapy was implemented by the 30% of the producers. Good milking practices are relevant aspects which should be known and applied routinely by the producers, since they generate benefits for obtaining an excellent milk quality and it conforms also the initial path to compete with highly competitive foreign markets.