Exploración de actividades agroecológicas en el resguardo Kankuamo de Atánquez de la Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Departamento del César
Ospina Cortés, Diego Armando | 2019-07
The study of indigenous agricultural systems provides important data for alternative production systems and their socio-economic organization, ancestral knowledge is protected worldwide by counteracting many of the deficiencies that Western productions present in respect for nature, Resilient practices, and food security related to the conservation of indigenous foods and biodiversity. Currently, the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta has numerous socio-environmental conflicts with profound consequences caused by armed actors and illegal crops, the loss of forests that cause erosion, and the contamination of its waters. The Kankuamos are part of the four mountain villages committed to maintaining the natural balance of the Sierra and the tradition of the peoples, but their culture with everything they represent historically has been threatened, this is due to their proximity to the “younger brothers” which has led to the infiltration of western practices, and also to the lack of prioritization in public policies and institutional actions due to the lack of understanding of the indigenous territory. The agroecological components and variables of this exploratory research, used to obtain and process the information, allow us to find clear indications of the agroecological management of the typical productions of the Kankuamos in the town of Atánquez, and the interpretation through the communicative relations of the population allows to identify the main references to make decisions on farms. The results obtained in this work demonstrate the existence of practices that favor the agroecological system and a favorable scenario for the protection of the Kankuamo territory through the authorities themselves.