Ligamento cruzado anterior: prevención, rehabilitación pre operatoria y post operatoria en atletas
Entrena Yáñez, Carlos Miguel | 2018-01
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the main stabilizers of the knee, because it influences the control of this and prevents the anterior displacement of the tibia with respect to the femur, intervenes in the same way, in controlling the rotation of the joint femorotibial. Methodology: The anterior cruciate ligament injury is one of the mainaffectations in athletes. There are several means to evaluate the integrity of said ligament either specific stability tests (Lachman test or anterior drawer) or clinical tests (muscle ultrasound, magnetic resonance). The objective of this article is to demonstrate the new physiotherapeutic tendencies for the prevention and rehabilitation, both pre- and post-operatively, of athletes with anterior cruciate ligament injury, taking into account the healing times and the physical condition of the patient, and the complete reintegration of sporting gesture. Results: It is important to structure treatment goals to: prevent symptomatic instability, restore normal knee kinematics and prevent early degenerative joint disease, together with adequate and appropriate muscle conditioning, with respect to lower limb strength and flexibility.