Iduronate-2-sulfatase interactome: validation by yeast two-hybrid assay
Benincore Flórez, Eliana | 2022
Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II), also known as Hunter syndrome, is a rare X-linked recessive disease caused by a deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme iduronate-2-sulfatase (IDS), which activates intracellular accumulation of nonmetabolized glycosaminoglycans such as heparan sulfate and dermatan sulfate. This accumulation causes severe damage to several tissues, principally the central nervous system. Previously, we identified 187 IDS-protein interactions in the mouse brain. To validate a subset of these interactions, we selected and cloned the coding regions of 10 candidate genes to perform a targeted yeast two-hybrid assay. The results allowed the identification of the physical interaction of IDS with LSAMP and SYT1. Although the physiological relevance of these complexes is unknown, recent advances allow us to point out that these interactions could be involved in vesicular trafficking of IDS through the interaction with SYT1, as well as to the ability to form a transcytosis module between the cellular components of the blood-brain-barrier (BBB) through its interaction with LSAMP. These results may shed light on the role of IDS on cellular homeostasis and may also contribute to the understanding of MPS II physiopathology and the development of novel therapeutic strategies to transport recombinant IDS through the brain endothelial cells toward the brain parenchyma.